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Homo Faber and Homo Economicus in the Scientific Revolution

Author : Ahmet Selami Çalışkan
Publisher : Taylor & Francis
Page : 126 pages
File Size : 11,62 MB
Release : 2022-04-24
Category : History
ISBN : 1000614956


This book tells the story of how the "servile arts" turned into the "mechanical arts," which in turn developed into a kind of philosophical apparatus that made modern science possible. Why did the scientific revolution take place in the West and not in China or the Islamic world? How did humanity’s progress in science and technology, which had been moving along at a relatively steady pace for tens of thousands of years, end up taking such an unprecedented leap? Subjecting the history of thought and technology to a novel interpretation based on the relationship between theory and practice, Ahmet Selami Çalışkan argues that the industrial revolution and modern science—and the scientific revolution that preceded both—did not alone suffice to sort out the philosophical problems of their day or to produce the institutions of the modern age. Both required a new sort of human: Homo economicus faber. Tracing the historical emergence of this figure and its persistence in our own age, this book offers an innovative and holistic assessment of the economic, cultural and political effects of centuries of interaction between East and West and their repercussions in our world today.

The Public Realm and the Public Self

Author : Shiraz Dossa
Publisher : Wilfrid Laurier Univ. Press
Page : 169 pages
File Size : 27,51 MB
Release : 1989-02-21
Category : Political Science
ISBN : 0889209677


On pp. 28-36, "The Holocaust, " and pp. 125-141, "Eichmann, " discusses a reinterpretation of the controversy over Arendt's views on the origins of totalitarianism, the "guilt" of the Jews and the "evilness" of Eichmann. Suggests that one has to interpret Eichmann's behavior as that of a "private" man entering the public realm, aiming to achieve private self-interests. Contends that use of this terminology and way of thinking can explain Arendt's apparent inconsistencies in her views on the Holocaust.

Perspectives on Gender in Post-1945 German Literature

Author : Georgina Paul
Publisher : Camden House
Page : 270 pages
File Size : 28,44 MB
Release : 2009
Category : Biography & Autobiography
ISBN : 1571134239


Rooted in Enlightenment rationalism, modernity tends to privilege masculine-connoted characteristics -- conscious subjective agency, rational control and self-containment, the subjugation of nature -- and has generated a conceptualization of human subjectivity emphasizing these qualities. Yet the costs of this conception of human selfhood are high, and at modernity's most acute moments of historical crisis writers and artists can be seen turning to feminine-connoted figurations -- nature, tradition, myth and spirituality, intuition, relationality, flux. In recent decades studies have examined the cultural crisis of German modernity, notably at the turn of the nineteenth to the twentieth century, as a crisis of masculinity. Feminist critiques, meanwhile, have viewed cultural history as male-generated and "phallocentric," in need of a feminine corrective. The innovation of this book is to examine these two gendered perspectives side by side, investigating the culturally symbolic significance of gender in post 1945 German language literature via a sequence of paired readings of major, thematically related texts by male and female authors, including Ingeborg Bachmann's novel Malina (1971) and Max Frisch's Mein Name sei Gantenbein (1964); Frisch's Homo Faber (1957) and Christa Wolf's St rfall (1987); Elfriede Jelinek's Die Klavierspielerin and Rainald Goetz's Irre (both 1983); and Heiner M ller's Die Hamletmaschine (1977) and Christa Wolf's Kassandra (1983). Finally, Barbara K hler's eight-poem cycle "Elektra. Spiegelungen" (written 1984-85; published 1991) is considered as offering a way past the "impasse" of the male and female viewpoints. Georgina Paul is University Lecturer in German at the University of Oxford and a Fellow of St. Hilda's College.

Gardens and Human Agency in the Anthropocene

Author : Maria Paula Diogo
Publisher : Routledge
Page : 238 pages
File Size : 36,45 MB
Release : 2019-04-26
Category : History
ISBN : 1351170236


This volume discusses gardens as designed landscapes of mediation between nature and culture, embodying different levels of human control over wilderness, defining specific rules for this confrontation and staging different forms of human dominance. The contributing authors focus on ways of rethinking the garden and its role in contemporary society, using it as a crossover platform between nature, science and technology. Drawing upon their diverse fields of research, including History of Science and Technology, Environmental Studies, Gardens and Landscape Studies, Urban Studies, and Visual and Artistic Studies, the authors unveil various entanglements woven in the past between nature and culture, and probe the potential of alternative epistemologies to escape the predicament of fatalistic dystopias that often revolve around the Anthropocene debate. This book will be of great interest to those studying environmental and landscape history, the history of science and technology, historical geography, and the environmental humanities.

Power, Knowledge, and Dissent in Morgenthau's Worldview

Author : Felix Rösch
Publisher : Springer
Page : 211 pages
File Size : 23,91 MB
Release : 2016-04-29
Category : Political Science
ISBN : 113739529X


This book provides a comprehensive investigation into Hans Morgenthau's life and work. Identifying power, knowledge, and dissent as the fundamental principles that have informed his worldview, this book argues that Morgenthau's lasting contribution to the discipline of International Relations is the human condition of politics.

Turning Operations

Author : Mary G. Dietz
Publisher : Psychology Press
Page : 310 pages
File Size : 38,15 MB
Release : 2002
Category : Philosophy
ISBN : 9780415932455


First Published in 2002. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

In Praise of Antiheroes

Author : Victor Brombert
Publisher : University of Chicago Press
Page : 196 pages
File Size : 29,39 MB
Release : 1999-04-15
Category : Literary Criticism
ISBN : 9780226075525


A book tracing the rise of the antihero in modern literature. The author defines him as someone whose courage displays our own needs and deficiencies. For example, he achieves dignity through humiliation, or suffers a reversal through his honesty.

Building Theories

Author : Franca Trubiano
Publisher : Taylor & Francis
Page : 681 pages
File Size : 44,36 MB
Release : 2022-11-25
Category : Architecture
ISBN : 131751033X


Building Theories speaks to the value of words in architecture. It addresses the author’s fascination with the voices of architects, engineers, builders, and craftspeople whose ideas about building have been captured in text. It discusses the content of treatises, essays, articles, and letters by those who have been, throughout history, committed to the art of building. In this, Building Theories argues for the return of a practice of architectural theory that is set amongst building, buildings, and builders. This journey of close reading reinterprets the words of Vitruvius, Alberti, de L’Orme, Le Camus de Mézières, Boullée, Laugier, Rondelet, Semper, Viollet-le-Duc, Hübsch, Bötticher, Berlage, Muthesius, Wagner, Behrendt, Gropius, and Arup. With chapters dedicated to texts from antiquity, the Renaissance, and the nineteenth century, and with a critical eye on architectural theory popularized in the Anglo-Saxon world post-1968, readers are introduced to a wider, more inclusive definition of architectural ideas. Building Theories considers how contemporary scholarship has steered away from the topic of building in its reluctance to admit that both design and construction are central to its concerns. In response, it argues for a realignment of architecture with the concept of techné, with a dual commitment to fabrica e ratio, with a productive return to l’art de bien bastir, with the accurate translation of the term Baukunst, and with an appeal to the architect’s ‘composite mind.’ Students, practitioners, and educators will identify in Building Theories ways of thinking that strive for the integration of design with construction; reject the supposed primacy of the former over the latter; recognize how aesthetics are an insufficient scaffold for subtending the subject of architectural ethics; and accept, without reservation, that material transformations have always been at the origins of built form.

Evolution and Social Life

Author : T. Ingold
Publisher : CUP Archive
Page : 460 pages
File Size : 40,29 MB
Release : 1986
Category : Social Science
ISBN : 9780521289559


This book examines evolution being handled in anthropology from the mid-nineteenth century to the present.

Volker Schlondorff's Cinema

Author : Hans Bernhard Moeller
Publisher : SIU Press
Page : 396 pages
File Size : 17,84 MB
Release : 2002-08-30
Category : Performing Arts
ISBN : 9780809324514


Volker Schlöndorff’s Cinema: Adaptation, Politics and the “Movie-Appropriate”examines the work of major postwar Germandirector Volker Schlöndorff in historical, economic, and artistic contexts. . In spite of Schlöndorff’s successes with films like The Lost Honor ofKatharina Blum and The Tin Drum, as well as his acclaimed work in the U.S. with Death of a Salesman, Gathering of Old Men and The Handmaid’s Tale, this is the first in-depthcritical study of the filmmaker’s career.